Recently, it has been shown that the efficiency of antitumoral drugs can be enhanced when combined with therapeutic siRNAs. In the present study, an original platform based on polydiacetylenic micelles containing a cationic head group able to efficiently deliver a small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting the PLK-1 gene while offering a hydrophobic environment for encapsulation of lipophilic drugs such as camptothecin is developed. We demonstrate that the co-delivery of these two agents with our micellar system results in a synergistic tumor cell killing of cervical and breast cancer cell lines in vitro. The combined drugs are active in a subcutaneous in vivo cancer model. Altogether, the results show that our nanometric micellar delivery system can be used for the development of new drug–siRNA combo-therapies.
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