Alginate/Chitosan Compact Polyelectrolyte Complexes: A Cell and Bacterial Repellent Material. Chemistry of Materials 2017, 29 (24), 10418-10425.

Ultracentrifugated compact polyelectrolyte complexes (uCoPECs) represent a new class of materials that are obtained by ultracentrifugation of solutions of polyanion/polycation complexes in the presence of salt. In the present study, two polysaccharides, chitosan and alginate, were used to form such complexes, thus providing a solid material uniquely composed of polysaccharides. The conditions for obtaining the uCoPEC material were optimized: the optimal salt concentration and polysaccharide concentrations were assessed, and the ultracentrifugation speed proved to be a key parameter to obtain compact and homogeneous materials. The Young's modulus, E, of the material was of the order of 12 MPa, which is the highest E value measured for a uCoPEC. indicated by X-ray diffraction. Most strikingly, this material proves to be totally cell- and bacteria-resistant. Immunological tests show that this uCoPEC does not induce any proinflammatory of biocompatible and antifouling biomaterials composed only The material contained nanometer-sized crystals of chitosan proves to be totally cell- and bacteria-resistant. Immunological tests response. This makes it a suitable candidate for the development of polysaccharides.