A novel generation of pH-responsive photopolymerized diacetylenic amphiphile (PDA) micelles with a diameter of 10 nm was designed and optimized for the intracellular delivery of siRNAs. Dialysis and photopolymerization of the micelles allowed a strong reduction of the cytotoxicity of the nanovector, while the hydrophilic histidine headgroup permitted enhancing the siRNA delivery potential by improving the endosomal escape via imidazole protonation. These PDA-micellar systems were fully characterized by DLS, TEM, and DOSY-NMR experiments. The resulting bioactive complexes of PDA-micelles with siRNA were shown to have an optimal size below 100 nm.
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